Grade 12 Optional Courses

Biology 40S/E/M
Biology 40S continues the introduction to the study of biology. Students will look at inheritance and how this contributes to variability in populations, and in the huge variability in life itself. As well, Biology 40S seeks to continue the development of the student’s level of scientific awareness, literacy, communication, problem solving, human relations and technology skills.

Canadian Law 40S/E/M
This curriculum contains the general themes and topics for the course. Modules 1 to 5 represent the broad content areas. Module 6 is an inquiry guide for students to further explore a topic of their choice.
Module 1: Foundations of Law  
Module 2: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Module 3: Criminal Law  
Module 4: Civil Law  
Module 5: Family Law  
Module 6: Student Inquiry
■ International Law
■ Human Rights Law
■ Youth and the Law
■ Labour Law
■ Environmental Law Each module features an enduring understanding statement that summarizes the main theme, followed by a series of learning experiences. 

Chemistry 40S/E/M
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of Atomic Structure, Aqueous Reactions, Kinetics, Equilibrium, Acids and Bases, and Electrochemistry. Students will also develop problem-solving and laboratory skills, and refine their ability to communicate scientific information.

Food and Nutrition 40S/E/M
The food and nutrition area of study provides students with opportunities to explore their relationships with food in both a theoretical and practical way that can enhance one’s health and well-being. It also provides knowledge and skills that have immediate relevance to students’ lives, as well as lifelong applications personally, within families, in their communities, and on a global scale. The goal of this area of study is to shape students to become informed consumers and responsible citizens.

High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP)
HSAP is a program that allows High School students to begin an apprenticeship by working in a trade of their choice, while earning high school credits and accumulating hours toward their level one apprenticeship. Student are able to:
Apprentice in one of the 55 plus recognized Manitoba Trades (see Apprenticeship Manitoba Website). Apprenticeship MB
• Learn a lifelong skill while still in high school.
• Apply the on-the-job training after high school graduation.
• Receive practical, paid work experience.
• Receive at least 10% above minimum wage.

Music 40S/E/M

In the first bit of the course, we will take a look at the "materials" of music. We'll look at pitch, timbre, rhythm, harmony, notes, chords, scales, ext. We're going to do a historical overview that starts with early music, the Baroques, the Classical, the Romantic and the 20th Century, Western Concert Music tradition, and touch on early jazz and blues (pre-war popular music). The vast majority of the class will focus on post-1950 popular music. No previous music experience is needed. Students will listen to and engage with music that is familiar and brand new. No playing instruments or singing in class, opportunities for folks who have musical skills can use their talents in the completion of assignments.

This course will be taught with rigor and thoroughness, students will be encouraged to demonstrate understanding of the outcomes in a variety of ways.

Physics 40S/E/M
This course is an extension of Physics 30S. It will enhance the understanding of mechanics, fields, and electricity while introducing a new unit of medical physics. Topics will include: projectiles, momentum, low-earth orbits, circuits and radiation. Success in Physics 30S will best determine a student’s readiness.

Psychology 40S/E/M

Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. It uses the scientific method to discover ways of understanding the complexities of human thought and behavior, as well as differences among people. Studying psychology gives students lifelong skills such as dealing with issues proactively, solving problems, learning, and nurturing healthy relationships. It helps students understand themselves, and deal with issues in their own lives such as inner conflicts, relationships with parents and peers, and intimacy. It also helps students understand societal problems like drug dependency, aggression, and discrimination. This course exposes students to the major topics found in the field of psychology. It also emphasizes the issues that are of particular direct interest and relevance to students completing high school. Students explore the scientific methods upon which psychology is based. They can then apply what they learned to their daily lives.

Visual Arts 40S/E/M
Visual Arts education develops important disciplinary and cross-curricular competencies for learning and living well together in an interconnected world.  Research indicates that well-designed visual arts education contributes to learning engagement, self-efficacy, and a wide range of positive academic, social, and emotional effects. Visual Arts education offers learners a diverse, unique, and powerful ways of perceiving and making meaning about the world through practices that include drawing, illustration, work on paper, painting, media arts, textile art . These practices offer multiple ways for learners to engage with, connect with, and respond to their world through various approaches and in diverse visual arts education contexts.  Visual Arts education is not just about learning the language and practices of the visual arts, “it is about addressing who we are as people, embracing differences, encountering numerous cultures, interacting and collaborating with others, and inviting response”. 
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